By Aadil Rashid
Heart diseases have become the leading cause of deaths in Kashmir, where an alarming increase has been seen in heart diseases. In every 5-10 days, at least 2-3 patients lose their lives because of failure of heart and/or other cardiac ailments.
What is Cardiac Arrest?
Abrupt, unexpected, premature loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness is called Cardiac arrest. In cardiac arrest, the heart abruptly stops beating. Without prompt intervention, it can cause sudden death.
When and how heart attack occurs?
Heart attack can occur anytime, at work, while you are resting or in the middle of a uphill workout. Heart attacks occur very suddenly, but the conditions leading up to an attack build up over many years.
A heart attack occurs when blood flow is blocked due to build-up of fat, cholesterol and other substances which form plaque in the arteries. This can cause harm to the heart muscles and can prove to be fatal, if not treated correctly and promptly.
Factors responsible for sudden cardiac arrest
There are many causes of sudden cardiac arrest. Some of the main causes are mentioned below:
- Family history of heart diseases, like coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems, congenital heart defects, heart failure, or cardiomyopathy
- Folks with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, sleeping disorders, abnormally elevated cholesterol or fats (lipids) in the blood. and obesity
- Having misdemeanors like smoking, consumption of alcohol, substance abuse, eating unhealthy or junk food, lack of any physical activity, anger etc.
- Youngsters with excessive anxiety can also develop an increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest
As a medical student, I can say most of the Kashmiris do not participate in adequate physical activities, which is important for maintaining a healthy life. In the absence of these activities, heart attacks and heart ailments increase. Along with this, proper intake of vegetables and fruits is also very important.
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